Comeniuse projekt - Eesti, Türgi, Rootsi

OUR PROJECT: TOWARDS A MORE TOLERANT EUROPE-LEARNING LIVE WITH DIVERSITY AND DIFFERENCES

ESTONIA SWEDEN TURKEY

This Project is about achieving a more tolerant Europe, within the timescale of the proposed Project two of the member countries have been designated Cities of Culture for the years 2010( ISTANBUL) and 2011 (TALLIN). We feel that this designation dovetails perfectly into the key issues that this Project is hoping to look into and address, which is to develop a greater understanding and tolerance of our diverse and varied world.

As a member of a wider European Community we recognise that we are becoming more culturally diverse, we have a duty to ensure that the students we teach are equipped with the necessary skills, knowledge to become broad minded, that the capacity to demonstrate, enhance and promote tolerance.

Tolerance in Estonia

According to M.Sats’s research women are generally more tolerant than men in Estonia. The most tolarant are 21-35 year-olds and the least tolerant are 12-20 year-olds.

Attitude towards the HIV positives is rather tolerant.

The most tolerant towards the HIV positives are 21-35 year-olds. The reason is probably that the people in that age have more acquaintances, that are infected, than in other ages, so they understand them more. The least tolerant are elderlies, because of lack of information about it, they think that only prostitutes, drug addicts and gays have HIV. They are not very likely to have friends, who are infected by HIV.

Attitude towards people with different disabilities is quite tolerant.

For example 55.9% of respondents think that people with physical disability should go to normal school and 24% think that people with slight mental illness could go to normal school as well. But this time were older people more tolerant towards handicapped people than younger, because younger ones don't have that much contact with them and older ones are more likely to have a disability themselves.

Attitude towards people who have started to reform school is contradictional.

The most incline to think that a reformed school makes troubled students , the others think that it doesn't change anything and some think that students learn only new bad habits there. Fortunately, most of the people would still consider hiring them, it depends on what impression they make and what characracter they have.

Attitude towards prisoners and ex-prisoners is intolerant.

Only 13.4% of company directors would hire an ex-prisoner, because they believe that every human can make a mistake and could make it better later. Still most people seem to think that prisoners are supposed to suffer and difficulties after jail are extra-punishment. Maybe the reason for such intolerance is that a lot of people thmeselves or their close friends have been victims of a crime. 24% of respondents think that punishments are too meek in Estonia and over half of them are in favour of death penalty.

Attitude towards transsexuals is generally intolerant.

Most of the people believe that health insurance shouldn't pay for transsexuals sex change operations, because they think that if sex change is truly important to a person, then they would find the money for it themselves. General attitude shows that transsexuality is rather a caprice than necessity. Our society is not ready to accept transsexuality, people just don't believe that it's possible to be born in a wrong body.

Attitude towards people with different sexual orientations (exhibitionists, necrophilia, pedofiles) is neutral, rather intolerant.

Half of the respondents were neutral about them, as long as they don't harm other people with their activity. 17% of respondents weren't negative about them, because it's not up to them, that they are different from most of the people. On the other hand, very intolerant were 14.5%, who claimed, that people with unusual sexual orientation aren't normal, they are sick.

Attitude towards homosexuals is quite tolerant.

Most of the people would hire a homosexual unconditionally. And some of the people believed that they should have the right to adopt children. Very few people found that gay-marriage should be legalized. Some thought that gays should have an oppurtunity to make a contract, that has similar rights like marriage has. A lot of people found that homosexuals should just live together. Men were much more intolerant than women towards gays and the young were more tolerant than the old. It's probably because elderlies have lived most of their life during the time when homosexuality was a crime.

Attitude towards other nationalities was rather intolerant in general.

For example only 43% of respondents were positive about foreign students coming into Estonian universities. They found that communicating with foreigner will enrich our world-view and culture. The others were disturbed because of the contest for free places in a university. 75.6% of respondents use the word ''negro'' because they find that in Estonia it doesn't have an offencive meaning. Attitude towards gypsies is intolerant: almost half of respondents keep away form them and 11% thought that they are thieves and frauds. It seems that gypsies’ culture, traditions and lifestile are unacceptable in Estonia. The attitude towards marrying with a foreigner is tolerant.

Attitude towards Russians living in Estonia is rather intolerant.

30% of respondents think that Russians should have education in Russian and 41,2% think that we would have a lot less problems without Russians. But still half of the respondents find that Russians living in here don't disturb them. 59.3% of respondents think that the Russians living in here should learn the Estonian language, know our culture and history and then they can have Estonian citizenship.

Attitude towards common-law marriage is tolerant or indifferent.

People find that whether you get married or not is every person’s own business. Men were a bit more tolerant than women. Women are probably more worried about their children's material ensurance and they want more assuredness.

Attitude towards drug addicts is rather tolerant.

Only 5.9% of the respondents find that drug addicts should be regarded as criminals and 40,6% think that they should be regarded as sick people who need a treatment. Maybe people are so tolerant, because most of the people have had to deal with this problem before. But still people are aware of the seriousness of the problem and find that it is needed to be taken care of.

Attitude towards homeless people is contradictional, but generally rather intolerant.

Tolerant were half of the respondents. They find that homeless peoples's documents should be fixed and the country should help them to find a job and a place for living if possible. They also think that the state should help them, if they are willing to make an effort and change themselves. The other half wasn't so tolerant. 29% think that homeless people should have their own borough and special hospital.

Attitude towards displaced persons is rather intolerant.

45.1% of respondents think that sanctuary should be given to as few people as possible. The most people find that sanctuary should be given to people who have war in their country or political refugees. It is thought that there should be a number of how many people Estonia can give sanctuary to a year. The most of the respondents think that displaced persons would bring a lot trouble to Estonia.

It comes out that the people in Estonia are the most tolerant towards disabled people and the least tolerant towards prisoners and ex-prisoners. Relatively disinterested were people towards foreign religion and common-law marriage. To sum up, you could say that Estonians are passively tolerant or disinterested. They let people be if they don't disturb them. They don't want to intervene themselves, but think that it's okay if others would like to help.

Maris Salk

Estonia's Road to Tolerance by Indrek Teder

In this report I am going to talk about a conference, which took place on 10.03.2011 in Tallinn. The main idea of the event was to clear up thoughts about Estonia and its progress towards a more tolerant country and to show that we are indeed trying to calm the situation amongst our people.

In his speech Mr. Indrek Teder said: “When we talk about tolerance, we cannot help but ask: tolerance towards whom? The issue of tolerance raises questions about whom we define as “our own” and whom do we define as “other”. Tolerance towards “our own kind” is not usually called upon – it is presumed. Of course, the problem is that all of us can be the “other” in certain situations. In Estonia, the specific distinction between “our own kind” and the “other” is related to a person’s nationality. That is to say that based on the unlawfulness of Soviet annexation, Estonia has, since regaining its independence in 1991, refused to grant a nationality “automatically” to everyone who had found their way in the country during Soviet times. Instead, these people have been offered naturalisation, which assumes that they pass an examination on the official language and on the constitution of the country and express a specific wish of becoming an Estonian citizen.“

This clearly shows that the problem with other nationalities exists, but we are trying our best to give them a chance of becoming an Estonian citizens. It is their own choice and therefore we cannot insist them on doing it. As a matter of fact there are around 100,000 non-citizens in Estonia even today. The number of non-citizens is decreasing, but probably not at the speed advisable from the viewpoint of the principles of the democratic inclusion of all permanent residents.

This brings us to the question, what seperates us. Mr. Teder said: “The relations between the nations of Estonia and Russia have been and still are strongly influenced by the aspect that I would define as “historical fear“. I have to admit that this definition contains a considerable amount of subjectivity. Since it was during the Soviet occupation that Estonia became multinational (Estonians were deported to Russia and non-Estonians were resettled in Estonia), many Estonians have a subconscious fear that the occupation may reoccur and Estonians will be destroyed or deported or they would be forced to leave their homeland. This fear is kept alive by the fact that virtually every Estonian family has an ancestor who has been in a Soviet prison or deported to Siberia. At the same time, we can trace bitterness and distrust towards the Estonian state in at least some part of the Russian-speaking population. “

That is the main reason why Estonians, especially youngsters, hate Russian-speaking people in our country. There are often fights between Estonians and Russian-speakers which seem to never end. Deep down Estonians might fear the Russian Federation because of its size and the military they have. The truth is that they can actually conquer half of Estonia in just half an hour. That might actually be the reason of the fear, quite frightening, isn’t it!

Indrek said: “I believe that in order for a person to be tolerant, the person himself or herself must feel safe and secure at first. No one wants to be so tolerant that as a result of their tolerance, they would lose their job, home, property and/or identity and be laughed at. Estonia has protected its identity and its “own kind” very strongly, having stressed the importance of the Estonian language since the year 1991. But by today, the state of Estonia has become strong enough so as to “pick up” the children born in Estonia to parents who do not have Estonian citizenship. It would be best if we said: we want you to be a part of this country and this nation and we will teach Estonian to you in schools -even if the language is a bit difficult.

I believe the man spoke the truth with every word that came out of his mouth. We do not want to live in fear because we might lose our jobs because of foreigners, lose our homes and be laughed at. We want to treat them as equals hoping that they will cherish what we have offered them and be thankful for that. Everybody wants to live in peace and get on well with each other, but you just cannot push aside the rightful inhabitants of the country just to fulfill your own needs. We can all live together side-by-side without problems. We just have to control what we say and how we act. That is the solution. No-one can say that it is impossible, people just need to behave and think together what to do next. Hopefully foreigners will understand and respect Estonia, the place of their birth or their home, and learn to co-operate with us. Trying won’t hurt!

Fred Kasela

Tolereance

The word tolerance is reflected in the everyday life all the time. Therefore the reason why we know very much about it. Stanford Encyclopedia of philosophy writes about tolerance subsequently :

The term “toleration” — from the Latin tolerare: to put up with, countenance or suffer — generally refers to the conditional acceptance of or non-interference with beliefs, actions or practices that one considers to be wrong but still “tolerable,” such that they should not be prohibited or constrained. There are many contexts in which we speak of a person or an institution as being tolerant: parents tolerate certain behavior of their children, a friend tolerates the weaknesses of another, a monarch tolerates dissent, a church tolerates homosexuality, a state tolerates a minority religion, a society tolerates deviant behavior. Thus for any analysis of the motives and reasons for toleration, the relevant contexts need to be taken into account.

This is one way to speaks about tolerance. Another way is to look after what different philosophers think about tolerance and how they definate the word tolerance.

Philosopher named Michael Walzer finds that word ’’tolerance’’ has many meanings. Personally he identifies five forms of tolerance.

1. a resigned acceptance of difference for the sake of peace, as it was found in the 16th – 17th centuries.

2 . a passive, relaxed, indifferent attitude to difference: ’ it takes all kinds to make a world’.

3. moral stoicism, a recognition that the ’others’ have rights ’even if they practise these rights in an unattractive way’

4. openess to others, curiosity, willingness to listen and learn

5. enthusiastic endorsement of difference; acknowledgement that existence of differences is a neccessary condition for human beings to make choices and feel their autonomy to be meaningful.

Also philospher named Richard Pementel has it’s own opinions about tolerance and he thinks that word tolerance means:

1) A fair, objective, and permissive attitude toward those whose opinions, practices, race, religion, nationality, etc., differ from one's own; freedom from bigotry. Dictionary.com Unabridged.

2) The capacity for or the practice of recognizing and respecting the beliefs or practices of others. American Heritage Dictionary.

Remarkables are also well said quotes about tolerance by famous religious peoples, novelists, writers, philosophers etc. For example:

1) Peace Pilgrim

“When you find peace within yourself, you become the kind of person who can live at peace with others.”

2) Bryant H. McGill

“There is no love without forgiveness, and there is no forgiveness without love.”

3) Friedrich Nietzsche

“You have your way. I have my way. As for the right way, the correct way, and the only way, it does not exist.”

4) Kahlil Gibran

“I have learned silence from the talkative, tolerance from the intolerant, and kindness from the unkind; yet strangely, I am ungrateful to these teachers”

5) John Fitzgerald Kennedy

“Let us think of education as the means of developing our greatest abilities, because in each of us there is a private hope and dream which, fulfilled, can be translated into benefit for everyone and greater strength for our nation.”

Some Favourite Quotes on Tolerance Chosen by Laura Tomson

1. Acceptance and tolerance and forgiveness, those are life-altering lessons.

Jessica Lange

2. Always try to maintain complete tolerance and always make an effort to give people more than they expect.

Scott Hamilton

3. Humor brings insight and tolerance. Irony brings a deeper and less friendly understanding.

Agnes Repplier

4. It is thus tolerance that is the source of peace, and intolerance that is the source of disorder and squabbling.

Pierre Bayle

5. The highest result of education is tolerance.

Helen Keller

6. Tolerance implies no lack of commitment to one's own beliefs. Rather it condemns the oppression or persecution of others.

John F. Kennedy

7. Tolerance is giving to every other human being every right that you claim for yourself.

Robert Green Ingersoll

8.Without tolerance, our world turns into hell.

Friedrich Durrenmatt

9. Toleration is the greatest gift of the mind; it requires the same effort of the brain that it takes to balance oneself on a bicycle.

Helen Keller

10. Tolerance comes of age. I see no fault committed that I myself could not have committed at some time or other.

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

11. Tolerance is the positive and cordial effort to understand another's beliefs, practices, and habits without necessarily sharing or accepting them.

Joshua Liebman

12. Tolerance is the oil which takes the friction out of life.

Wilbert E. Scheer

13. We need to promote greater tolerance and understanding among the peoples of the world. Nothing can be more dangerous to our efforts to build peace and development than a world divided along religious, ethnic or cultural lines. In each nation, and among all nations, we must work to promote unity based on our shared humanity.

Kofi Annan

14. Toleration is good for all, or it is good for none.

Edmund Burke

15. World peace, like community peace, does not require that each man love his neighbor -- it requires only that they live together with mutual tolerance, submitting their disputes to a just and peaceful settlement

John F. Kennedy

16. Tolerance can lead to learning something.

Jakob Dylan

17. How far you go in life depends on your being tender with the young, compassionate with the aged, sympathetic with the striving, and tolerant of the weak and strong. Because some day in life you will have been all of these.

George Washington Carver

18. I think tolerance is something everybody needs to be reminded of, especially in a reactionary political world. Well, actually, I should say, a reactionary political climate.

Bruce Davison

19. The focus of tolerance education is to deal with the concept of equality and fairness. We need to establish confidence with children that there is more goodness than horror in this world.

Morris Dees

20. Travel teaches tolerance.

Benjamin Disraeli

21. Human diversity makes tolerance more than a virtue; it makes it a requirement for survival.

René Dubos

22. The best thing to give to your enemy is forgiveness; to an opponent, tolerance; to a friend, your heart; to your child, a good example; to a father, deference; to your mother, conduct that will make her proud of you; to yourself, respect; to all men, charity.

Benjamin Franklin

23. Let us develop respect for all living things. Let us try to replace violence and intolerance with understanding and compassion. And love.

Jane Goodall

24. Any one who wants to live in peace and freedom will be to live by toil, demonstration of high levels of discipline and tolerance for one another.

Yahya Jammeh

25. How do we create a harmonious society out of so many kinds of people? The key is tolerance -- the one value that is indispensable in creating community.

Barbara Jordan

Estonians about homosexuality

Like many countries, as well as in Estonia, homosexuals didn’t have the same rights as other people for a long time. Now, however, the society of Estonia has become more tolerant .

As an obligation for acceptance into the European Union, Estonia transposed an EU directive into its own laws banning discrimination based on sexual orientation in employment. The Law on Equal Treatment, which entered into force on 1 January 2009, prohibits discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in areas other than employment, such as health care, social security, education and the provision of goods and services.

Since 2006, the Penal Code prohibits public incitement to hatred on the basis of sexual orientation.

A Eurobarometer survey published on December 2006 showed that 21% of Estonians surveyed support same-sex marriage and 14% recognise same-sex couple's right to adopt (EU-wide average 44% and 33%). A poll conducted in June 2009 showed that 32% of Estonians believe that same-sex couples should have the same legal rights as opposite-sex couples. Support was 40% among young people, but only 6% among older people.

The Baltic News Service reports that Estonian society has become significantly more tolerant during the past decade, with the biggest change occurring in the people's attitude towards homosexuals and people with AIDS, a survey indicates.

Estonia has made good progress in the development of tolerance towards homosexuals, but I think that there is still much room for improvement, to make people more tolerant.

 

 

Estonians about Christianity

In the late 1980’s it was extremely popular to go to church, and services were packed with curious visitors. However, as the 90’s brought the difficult realities of making a living in a capitalistic society, the excitement faded, and the number of new members dropped. Today, these people dont’t go to churches so often any more.

Is a widespread view that Estonians are skeptical about any religion. This has been confirmed for example by Priit Kelder : Our geo-climatic conditions, the geopolitical situation and the history is not the preferred attitude of Estonians formed a non-religious, but a sober and down-to-earth, the mundane and distrust common sense.

Estonian Council of Churches in 2000, poll result, Estonians, who think they believe in God were 58%, 32% indifferent and 10% considered themselves as atheist.

I think Estonians are tolerant towards other people, who are christians or from another religion, but Estonia is not a religious country in general.

Jews in Estonia

There is little information regarding the arrival of Jews in Estonia. There are, according to archive materials, individual reports of Jews in Estonia as early as the fourteenth century. This, however, should not be considered the starting point for a permanent Jewish settlement here; Jews were prohibited from living in Estonia, i.e. Estonia was not part of the region designated for Jewish habitation. Actually, the process of Jewish settlement in Estonia began in the nineteenth century. The biggest settlement was in Tallinn. As time passed, the Jewish population spread to other Estonian cities where houses of prayer and cemeteries were erected. Elementary schools were organised in Tallinn in the 1880s. A change was brought about at the end of the nineteenth century when Jews entered the University of Tartu. University students did much to enliven Jewish culture and education. 1917 even saw the founding of the Jewish Drama Club in Tartu.

Approximately 200 Jews fought in combat for the creation of the Republic of Estonia. 70 of these men were volunteers. The creation of the Republic of Estonia in 1918 marked the beginning of a new era in the life of the Jews. From the very first days of her existence as a state, Estonia showed her tolerance towards all the peoples inhabiting her territories. This is where the ideas of cultural autonomy and a Jewish Gymnasium (secondary school) in Tallinn were born. Jewish societies and associations began to grow in numbers. On 12 February 1925 the dream was fulfilled. The Estonian government passed a law pertaining to the cultural autonomy of minority peoples. This was a logical step forward in the national policies of the Estonian Republic.

The peaceful and active life of the small Jewish community in Estonia came to an abrupt halt in 1940 with the Soviet occupation of Estonia. Cultural autonomy in addition to all of its institutions were liquidated in July 1940. In July and August of the same year all organisations, associations, societies and corporations were closed. A large group of Jews (about 400) were deported on 14 June 1941. After the German occupation later in 1941, all Jews who had failed to flee were murdered. According to data from Israel, 1000 Estonian Jews were executed in 1941.

After the war, a part of the Jews who had previously fled to the Soviet Union returned to Soviet-occupied Estonia. There was, however, no rebirth of Jewish cultural life. Hence, in addition to physical destruction, the Jews in Estonia met moral and cultural catastrophe. Historical memory of the Jewish community was destroyed: the young were no longer aware of their own ethnic background. Parents and grandparents were afraid of telling children of their heritage.

From 1940 until 1988 the Estonian Jewish community, as elsewhere in the Soviet Union, had no organisations, associations nor even clubs.

A part of Jewish tradition is loyalty and support to the people and state where they live. Likewise Estonia has traditionally regarded its Jews with friendship and accommodation. To illustrate this a new Cultural Autonomy Act, based on the 1925 law, was passed in October 1993. This law grants minority peoples, such as Jews, a legal guarantee to preserve their national identities.

Islam in Estonia

Islam is very small in Estonia. In a country that has just over 1 million people, there are not many Muslims.

In the most recent census, performed in the year 2000, the number of people in Estonia who reported themselves to be Muslims was 1,387. However some sources claim that the number of Muslims is much higher, with estimates given of 10,000 or even 20,000 Muslims.

The Muslims are mainly Sunni Tatars and Shi'a Azeri whose ancestors immigrated to Estonia after the passing of Livonia and Estonia into the Russian Empire in 1721 and who (the overwhelming majority) immigrated during the Soviet period (1940–1991). Since 1860, the Tatar community started showing activity, the centre being in the city of Narva. A Muslim congregation was registered there under the independent Republic of Estonia in 1928 and a second one in Tallinn in 1939. A house built for funds received as donations was converted into a mosque in Narva. In 1940, the Soviet authorities banned both congregations, and the buildings of the congregations were destroyed during World War II (in 1944).

There is no mosque in Tallinn, an apartment is adapted for prayer purposes. It is said, that nowadays the number of Muslims in Estonia is rising.

 

Gypsies- Roma People

Estonia is a very small country but here very many different nationalities live: Russians, Ukrainians, Finns. Estonia is not a very tolerant country and usually people who look or behave differently- they will not be tolerated.

Gypsies came to Estonia in the 17-th century. Some people thought they caused us a lot of trouble by different lifestyles and they repeatedly were tried to be driven out first from towns, and later from the countryside. Between 1941-1943 all of the Estonian Gypsies were murdered and sent to concentration camps by Germans.

Nowadays Gypsies make only 0.1 percent of Estonian people but some Estonians do not like them because they have some prejudices against the Gypsies.

Gypsies usually create their abode somewhere in the outskirts of the city and they have their own area which is called “Gypsies district”. Their huts are usually made of random materials.

Gypsies have difficulties in finding jobs because people think about them badly.

Roma children should go to regular schools. ECRI also strongly recommended that the presence, culture and contribution of Roma to Estonian society should be included in all school textbooks and children would get used to different people and they grow up more tolerant.

The Roma community suffers from massive discrimination in access to housing, employment and education. Roma are often victims of police ill-treatment and their complaints are seldom investigated. Frequently Roma children are unjustifiably placed in 'special' schools where curtailed curricula limit their possibilities for fulfilling their potential. Roma children and women are among the communities most vulnerable to traffickers.

STUDENTS’ WORK

Towards a More Tolerant Europe

Today tolerance is one of the key things of our society. It shows how permissive our culture is and the way people think. Being tolerant is something a society can be proud of.

First of all, people need to accept that others opinions are as worth as their own. Everyone has to be able to have his or hers own opinion while no one discriminating them for those opinions.

In addition to that, people have to accept different religions and cultures areound them. People who live in Europe - thus a part of this community, are from everywhere in the world. There are people from Africa and Asia and they have all frown up in a completely different enviornment with other beliefs. That is why we have to accept different religions and cultures here.

On the other hand, if we have to tolerate every culture and religion in the world we could lose our own identity and culture. Than we would be fighting with the same religions and culture we once fought for in order to be a tolerant community.

To sum it up, tolerancy is something that is needed in our community, but it has to be done right, so that out own culture and religion would stay intact and amoung our hearts.

Marko Moorlat

Towards a More Tolerant Europe

Tolerance is a great topic in nowadays society. In some regions of the world there’s a lot of persecution to other people because of their skin colour, religion etc. But is this not tolerant world also here in Europe and what can we do to make it more tolerant?

First of all, a kind of main topic about tolerance that we meet in every day life is dealing with others’ oppinion. Every person has his own oppinion about a topic, but to other people that can be just the opposite that they think. But it’s not like they should force their thoughts to that person, they should listen up why the one is thinking such thoughts about that topic. Maybe then the both sides can understand each other better and get more tolerant.

Secondly, a serious problem is getting judged by skin colour. Nowadays this problem has decreased a lot, but back the days when black people were slaves, it was harsh. But still, there are some people who think that black people should have no rights. Also here in Europe. To fix that issue, we should promote to other schools in Europe that we all are the same, we all are ’’God’s Creatures.’’

To sum it up, for a more tolerant Europe, we should change our behavior to other people, we should listen to their oppinion and we shouldn’t judge them because of their skin colour. Then we will get a more tolerant Europe.

Kenneth Koch

Towards a More Tolerant Europe

Nowadays there are a lot of cultures mixed together in a small developed part of the world like Europe. For more peaceful and tolerant Europe people need to get used to a different skin colors, religions and nationalities.

For example different skin color doesn’t make a person better or worse. It is believed by many white people that black people are stupider. For example Barack is a black man, but nobody can say that he is more stupid than his white skinned predecessor G. W. Bush.

Secondly, many consider their own nationality better than others. Some Estonians hate Russians because of the occupation in Estonia few decades ago. But it must be understood that those oders came from the leaders of the country, not people living there.

In addition to that many people believe that having a different religion is wrong. Christians don’t accredit Islamic believers and reverse. Most christians believe that most moslems are terrorists, but a fair amount of christians kill people every day, which doesn’t make them any better.

In conclusion, it can be said that living in a multi-cultural world is hard and getting used to different traditions can take a lot of time. But being intolerant because of a person’s skin color or nationality is just wrong and doesn’t make a Europe more tolerant.

Oliver Hansen

CINQUAINS

Cinquain Pattern

Line1: A noun

Line2: Two adjectives

Line 3: Three -ing words

Line 4: A phrase

Line 5: Another word for the noun

Tolerance

Necessary, consequential

Accepting, caring, seeing

Between all different people

Broad- mindedness

By Marelle Roonurm

Tolerance

Complicated, different

Surprising, enlightening, frightening

We are all the same

Acceptance

By Kristel Põlluvee

Tolerance

Colourful, friendly

Accepting, noticing, caring

You get what you give

Friendship

By Lisett Marleen Tänav

Tolerance

Needed, precious

Exiting, dominating, enlightening

Around the world, between people

Acceptance

By Taavi Ainsaar

The board of students in the Comenius project 2010-2012 in Märjamaa Gymnasium:

1. Fred Kasela

2. Taavi Ainsaar

3. Kenneth Koch

4. Helari Buht

5. Marelle Roonurm

6. Klelia Veske

7. Maris Salk

8. Kadi Nõmm

9. Laura Tomson

10. Kätlin Klaus

Participating teachers:

1. Sirje Ehrenpreis

2. Lilija Takking

3. Ülle Kasemaa

TEXTS WRITTEN BY PUPILS AT NÄSTEGÅRDSSKOLAN KVÄNUM, SWEDEN

Don’t tease!

Start the day with a compliment instead!

Smile at yourself in the mirror and keep your head up!

Be proud of who you are – make someone happy!

Johanna Ohlsson Maria Längfors

Everyone has got the same value.

You should accept someone who is homosexual, coloured or….

You accept people as they are.

You accept people as they are created.

If you have a friend

In this world there exist children who are sitting alone in the darkness

They are waiting to see a light

And the light should be a friend who should take their hands and save them from the darkness

If you have a friend then you do not need to be afraid anymore

And you should never need to be alone again

If you have a friend he should stand by your side and support you.

Your friend should only say good things about you

Your friend should never leave you, he should be with you to the end

If you have a friend then you do not need to be afraid anymore

And you should never need to be alone again

If you feel cold or afraid then your friend should lay his arms around you

His arms should warm you and protect you from everything you are afraid of

If you have a friend then you do not need to be afraid anymore

And you should never need to be alone again

Sara Johansson

Tolerance is Fellowship

Fellowship is Love

Love is Understanding

Understanding is Acceptance

Acceptance is Kindness

Kindness is Respect

Respect is Human compassion

Human compassion is Peace

Peace is Non violence

Non violence is Tolerance

By: Linnea Eriksson

Peace (of) Cake

1 cup consideration

7TB joy

1 cup happiness

1 cup water

7 cups love

1 ml fight (optional)

100g butter

500g tolerance

1 wordbook (for understanding)

1 big chocolate bar

Start by stirring together consideration, joy and happiness. Add the water while stirring. Keep stirring until you have a nice and even batter.

Melt the butter and mix it with 4dl love and the fight (optional). Mix the tolerance and the wordbook and then gently stir everything together. Pour the batter in as many cupcake trays as you can find. Bake in the middle of the oven for 20 minutes.

Melt the chocolate bar and mix it with the rest of the love and the joy. Spread this over the cupcakes and bake in the oven for another 10 minutes on 100 degrees Celsius.

Tip! Eat the cupcakes while still warm with near and dear ones. Is great with whipped cream.

Linnea Johansson/Magdalena Eriksson

I think that everyone should be tolerant, no matter how others look or dress. All people are worth the same.

Emelie Örström

Try to be friends with other people. If you see someone sitting alone you can go and talk to her/him and try to find a new friend.

Karl Karlsson, Elina Lindberg, Bea Buengrat

You can be friend with anyone. It doesn’t matter if he/she is black or white. You don’t need to love him/her, but you don’t need to hate him/her. Tolerate him/her.

Karl Karlsson, Elina Lindberg, Bea Buengrat

• Stop fighting! Think about your own behaviour and think about what you can do to prevent fighting. You can talk to an adult, that you trust in; parents, headmaster, school nurse or help organization.

• Dare to talk! If you have a problem, if you get exposed to bullying or you are a bully yourself. If you are treated badly at home or are exposed to violence you should dare to talk with someone; parents, headmaster, school welfare officer, teacher, school nurse or help organization.

• Don´t have preconceived ideas or opinions. Many people are judged for their looks and appearances but it is maybe not their whole personality. Get a good opinion of the all person!

• Listen to everyone! You should listen carefully to each other and be considerate. You should not decide everything yourself if you are working in a group. You should listen to the others, perhaps they have got better ideas than yourself.

• You like different people more or less. You can not love/like every other person, but you can respect them. Make the

best out of it.

Everyone must help

each other to a better world!

Hanna Svensson

We shouldn’t fight!

Violence happens everywhere. People fight, go to war and kill – because they cannot agree. Because they don’t have the same opinion. We can do better than that. We can hold back our anger; try not to vent it out on each other. Having a grudge against somebody doesn’t make it okay to do and say whatever you want. And we need to understand that.

We are many people that live in the world – blacks and whites, Christians and Muslims, Social Democrats and Moderates. We may have different opinions and traditions, but we only have one world. We must tolerate each other and be friends – because most of all we just want to be happy, right? And that is impossible if we can’t be friends.

Linnea Johansson

Why are we born? Not for war

Everyone says that we want peace then do something about it, please We can’t just sit on our asses and dream we have to work like a team Everyone wants to do something , don’t lie if everyone is lying, we are going to die and if you want more and start a fight you have to realize it is not right what is so bad that we have to take lives? You can be angry and mad, but don’t use the knife

If we want to fix the world we can’t just use the power of one word we have to work together if we want to keep every brother and we have to act before more crimes we can’t wait for better times.

Why are we born? Not for war

Anyway

Magdalena Eriksson

 

Tolerance is when you accept and respect people just like they are.

Tolerance is important in society.

 

We Are the Opposite

I know I’m not perfect,

but I know I have to try.

Because if I don’t, if I, if I don’t,

you’re the one that is gonna tell me,

Goodbye!

You know you’re not perfect,

but you know you have to try.

Because if you don’t, if you, if you don’t,

I’m the one that is gonna tell you,

Goodbye!

When I try to look at you, it feels like I can fly.

when I try to be near you, it feels like I can die.

When you hold me in your arms, I know that

I’m alive.

When I tried to be near you,

it felt like no one could see it through.

I just love the way you move,

but now I definitely see the truth.

the truth between you and me

is like the opposite of a tree.

The trees don’t grow apart,

because they follow their hearts.

We know we aren’t perfect,

but we know we have to try.

Because if we don’t, if we, if we don’t

they are the ones that are gonna tell us,

Goodbye!

When I try to look at you, it feels like I can fly.

when I try to be near you, it feels like I can die.

When you hold me in your arms, I know that

I’m alive.

When I tried to be near you,

it felt like no one could see it through.

I just love the way you move,

but now I definitely see the truth.

the truth between you and me

is like the opposite of a tree.

The trees don’t grow apart,

because they follow their hearts.

Alice Svantesson Klara Svensson

Tolerance is when you accept everyone as they are.

You have to tolerate everyone.

Tolerance is to accept how people are and how they dress.

Everyone should be treated the same.

You should accept someone who is different from you.

I don’t mind how people look or what religion they have. I accept how they are.

I don’t mind what country you come from.

Everyone should be respected as they are.

To accept everyone.

To accept everyone.

I accept everyone.

Tolerance is to show respect for everyone, no big deal!

To accept other people as they are .

Everyone should accept each other even if you are not the same.

You accept everyone even if you don’t want to be with everyone

Black or white,

no matter what religion,

everyone is the same on the inside.

Johan Andersson, Johan Sturesson, Johannes Magnusson, Alexander Hallgren

In a world full of different kinds of people, we have to be tolerant. How are we otherwise going to be able to keep on living together? We must be gathered and listen to each other. War won’t solve anything. Killing people isn’t the way of getting forward.

We were once taught that the world is a nice and peaceful place. But that’s not reality. Isn’t peace what we all want? Isn’t that what we all should struggle for?

Then let us begin now!

Stina Bender Kaisa Vindrot

Who cares?

Who sees?

Who hears?

The answer is everybody, everybody cares, everybody sees and everybody hears. The real question is, who respects everybody like they are?

We talk about things that’s normal and different, but is anything or anybody normal? Or different? The world had been easier if both of these words hadn’t existed. If somebody says you aren’t normal, yeah right, who wants to be? I don’t! I just want to say, think about how much time we all have spent to find the key to how we all can feel well, be happy and respect each other. Why don’t we all try, just to start, to be nice to the human beings around us? It’s the key.

Ebba Svantesson

SWEDISH HUMANITARIANS

Dag Hammarskjöld

Dag was born the 29thof July 1905 in Jönköping, Sweden. He was from a noble family with origins from southern Sweden.

His father’s name was Hjalmar Hammarskjöld and he was born in 1862 and died in 1953. Hjalmar was Sweden’s Prime Minister between 1914 and 1917.

His mother Agnes was born 1866 and grew up in Stockholm. She loved to write letters and had much faith in her religion.

When Dag was six years old he started his education with a private teacher. People around Dag said that he was a very friendly and easily taught child. He started at the Higher-level Public Education in Uppsala (Uppsala Högre allmänna läroverk) in 1916 and graduated in 1923 with very high grades.

He went on to Uppsala University and took a degree in humanities. He spoke English, French, German and Swedish fluently. He also got degrees in economics and law and was a teacher at the University of Stockholm.

Even before he graduated he was employed as an assistant secretary in the Unemployment Committee and later was promoted to first assistant. Now, after his promotion, he wanted to complete his academic career.

Dag became the head of the Swedish Central Bank after the Second World War and founded the legislation that made Sweden into a welfare state.

Hammarskjöld started to work for the government and became the State Secretary for Foreign Affairs, but he wasn’t a member of any political party. He worked with the financial problems that Sweden faced after the Second World War and played an important role in the forming of the Swedish economy after the Second World War. Early on he had many international missions, amongst others he was a delegate in the financial talks with Great Britain and the USA from 1944 to 1948. 1948 to 1953 he was in the main delegation in OEEC, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

In 1953 he was elected for secretary- general of the United Nations, UN. That came as a surprise to many since he was a quiet person and didn’t seem to be a careerist. During the 50s the United Nations’ financial assistance to poor countries was very limited and not a priority but Hammarskjöld, as the economist he was, wanted to raise the issue. He meant that a good economic growth in these poor countries would speed up the decolonization and contribute to stability in the world.

He started his time as the secretary- general by getting some American pilots that had been captured by the Chinese in the Korean War released. He worked with what he called “preventive diplomacy” and with that strategy he tried to solve the disputes in for instance Egypt, Vietnam and Palestine. His quiet tactics were very successful. He also managed to convince the United Nations’ Secretary Council to condemn the actions of Great Britain, France and Israel in different conflicts.

In July 1960, Hammarskjöld got involved in attempts to solve the civil war in Congo. The conflict started when Patrice Lumumba, the Prime Minister in Congo at the time, didn’t get any help from the Western Powers when the state Katanga declared itself independent. Lumumba then got support from the Soviet Union and Moise Tshombe and Katanga on the other hand was allied with the Westerns Powers.

Hammarskjöld was during that period of time falsely accused by the Soviet Union for being behind the murder of Patrice Lumumba. Nikita Chrusjtjov and his USSR tried to get him removed from office because he thought Hammarskjöld had abused justice in Congo but he remained as secretary-general because all the other member states supported him. His speech concerning this accusation is regarded as the high-water mark of his career. He explained that he and the UN didn’t represent the great power states but all the other states. “It is very easy to resign”, he said, “but it is not as easy to stay. And it is easy to give in to the requests of the great power states, another thing to meet with resistance”. This speech was met with a storm of applause, except for from the Soviet delegation.

Hammarskjöld rejected the suggestion that a UN peace-keeping force was to go into Katanga in order to take control over the region. He managed to calm down the situation in Katanga by using other, but tougher, methods. In September 1961 fighting between Katanga and UN started. He arranged to meet with President Tsombe in an attempt to secure cease-fire. Dag Hammarskjöld was killed when his plane crashed close to the Ndola Airport on the 17th of September 1961.

Still today no one knows for sure, even after several investigations, if the plane was shot down by a Katangan plane in order to kill Hammarskjöld or if something else happened. Many different theories, some of them conspiracy theories, have been discussed since that day.

He was assigned the Nobel Peace Prize after his death in 1961 for his efforts “to make peace and kindness between nations and people”. The year after the “Dag Hammarskjöld fund” was founded. In 1982 the “Dag Hammarskjöld foundation “ was founded in order to work for global peace issues.

Simone Persson Victoria Johansson

Emil Sandström

Emil Sandström (1886-1962) was a Swedish lawyer and the chairman of the international federation of the Red Cross from 1950 to 1959. He was both a man of the law and a humanist.

After a career as a court lawyer he remarked himself through different missions. In 1947 he was president of the united Palestine commission, which presented a plan for a Palestine division, the so called Sandström plan.

In 1948 he became a member of UN commission for the codification of international law.

JesperAndersson Oscar Svensson

Folke Bernadotte

Folke Bernadotte of Wisborg was born the 2nd of January in 1895 in Stockholm and died the 17th of September in 1948 in Jerusalem. He was a count, an army officer, a scout, a Red Cross leader and an international mediator.

Folke was born in Stockholm into the House of Bernadotte, the royal family. He was the son of Count Oscar Bernadotte of Wisborg (formerly Prince Oscar of Sweden, Duke of Gotland) and his spouse Ebba Munck af Fulkila. His grandfather was King Oscar II of Sweden. Folke’s father had to give up his royal title when he married Ebba.

Bernadotte attended school in Stockholm, after which he entered training to become a cavalry officer at the Military Academy Karlberg. He graduated and got his officer’s exam in1915 and was promoted a lieutenant in 1918, subsequently moving up the rank of major.

In 1937 Folke became the leader of the Swedish scout movement and in 1943 he became vice president of the Red Cross. As leader of the Swedish Red Cross he was in charge of the exchange of German and British/American war prisoners in 1943-1944. He was also in charge of the so called “white bus expedition” to Germany in 1945. The expedition freed prisoners from German concentration camps in the final stage of the Second World War. The estimation of prisoners being freed varied between 19 000 and 30 000. The Swedish Red Cross’ own estimation from the year 2000 were that 15 000 prisoners were freed.

From 1946 and forward Bernadotte was Chairman of the Swedish Red Cross Foundation and in 1945-1948 he was one of the leaders of the International Red Cross Foundation.

In May the 20th 1948 he was elected to be UN’s mediator in Palestine. He came to play a big part of the diplomatic game during the Arabic-Israeli war in 1948. The 27th of June Folke presented a proposal of a resolution, but the proposal was rejected by both the Arabs and the Israeli. On the 16th of September Bernadotte therefore presented a revised proposal, the so-called second Bernadotte plan.

The day after, the 17th of September, Folke Bernadotte was murdered in the Israeli part of Jerusalem. The murderers belonged to the Jewish organization LEHI, the “Stern Group”. The murder was never officially resolved and the murderers went free. After Bernadotte was killed his program fell. In October 1948 Truman, the president of the United States, pulled back his support of Bernadotte’s plan. A coalition of Israel and its supporters and the Arabic states and their supporters voted down the Bernadotte plan in the UN.

Bernadotte’s information and reports were overtaken by the American Ralph Bunche and he managed by negotiations to come up with a cease-fire agreement between Israel and the Arabic countries. This was signed by both parts of the conflict at Rhodes in 1949. Bunche received the Nobel Peace Prize for his work for peace.

Bernadotte’s mediation in Palestine failed but the tangible results he achieved during the summer of 1948 remains; the enforcement of the ceasefire in the war, the building of the UN observer force in order to monitor the cease-fire in Palestine and the initiative for humanitarian assistance to Palestinian refugees.

Gustav Harald Edelstam

Gustav Harald Edelstam was born the 17th of March, 1913 and died the 16thof April, 1989. He was a Swedish diplomat and among other things the ambassador in Chile. He fought for human rights. He is famous for saving many lives in the military coup d’état in Chile in 1973. During World War II he saved many Norwegian Resistance men and Jews and got the name “The black pimpernel”.

He was born into a noble family and was the son of chamberlain Fabian Edelstam and Hilda Dickinson and older brother to the Ambassador Axel Edelstam. He was the top student of the Military University in Karlberg in Sweden and took a law degree in Stockholm in 1939. He was immediately recruited to the State Department and his first mission was as Attaché in Rome the same year. During World War II he also served in Berlin 1941 and in Oslo 1942 to 1944. He worked as secretary and ambassador for several countries. He was married to Louise von Rosen from 1939 and with Natascha Michew 1959 -1962. He got three sons with von Rosen; Carl, Hans and Erik.

In 1972 Edelstam became ambassador in Santiago de Chile. He openly expressed sympathy for the elected socialist president Salvador Allende in connection with Augusto Pinochet’s military coup d’état in 1973. He offered free asylum in Sweden to about 1300 persecuted Chileans and other Latinos that had escaped to Chile and therefor saved the lives of many of these.

He did many things after the military coup d’état. His neighbour, the Cuban ambassador, was besieged of Chilean troops. He helped his Cuban colleague and succeeded to end the shooting by helping him to negotiate with the Chilean military and that resulted in an evacuation of the Cuban staff. Edelstam accepted the Protecting Mission in agreement with the Swedish Prime minister Olof Palme and took over many Cuban buildings and the day after he raised the Swedish flag on the Cuban embassy. Edelstam now protected both the Swedish and the Cuban embassies. The Embassy was filled with Latinos, not only Chileans but also people from Brazil, Argentina, Cuba, Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia. Everyone had fled to Chile earlier.

The most spectacular operation was when he saved 54 Uruguayans from the National stadium from being shot the day after. After tips and pleas from convicts he and the vice consul Bengt Oldenburg succeeded to free the death threatened convicts and take them to safety.

The new regime didn’t like this and Edelstam was deported after a fight between the Swedish embassy and the Chilean military. In 1973 he was declared “persona non grata” and that means he was not welcome or wanted there again.

In September 2009 a unique memorial was held in the Chilean Parliament. Edelstam was presented as a hero, as an example of one of few bright spots during the dark times- the months right after the military coup. An annual international award was founded and is to be given to someone that has done good deeds in Edelstam’s spirit. This tribute was one of a kind because all the parties stood behind it.

The book “The black pimpernel” is the story about a Swedish diplomat’s life and was written by Erik Edelstam, Harald’s son.

The 14thof September 2007 the movie “The black pimpernel” had premiere. It is about Edelstam’s deeds in Chile. The movie was directed by Ulf Hultberg with Michael Nyqvist playing Edelstam.

Anna Lidén Sofia Pino

 

Raoul Wallenberg

He was born the 4 August, 1912, in Stockholm, Sweden. His father died before he was born and later his mother remarried and he got one brother and one sister. Raoul studied to be an architect in the USA, but he didn’t practice as one. He married Maria Sophie Wising who was of Jewish origin.

His uncles were important businessman in Sweden, but they didn’t want him to work for them, so they sent him abroad to South Africa and Haifa. In Haifa he met Jewish people who had fled from Germany and he felt a strong sympathy for them.

In 1942 he got a new job and worked in Hungary sometimes. In 1944 the Americans wanted someone from Sweden to organize help for the Jews in Hungary after Germany had occupied the country. Wallenberg was sent to do that. First he just had to send reports, but very soon he started to arrange protective passports to the Jewish population. He succeeded in saving thousands of Jews.

The 17 of January 1945 he was arrested by the Soviet Army because they suspected that he was an American spy. He was put in prison. According to a Russian report Wallenberg died in 1947, but no one knows for sure what happened to him.

He has being given an award from the Israelian Government and stamps with his picture has been made in the USA. Many schools are named after him in Sweden, Argentina, Brazil, Ecuador, Germany, Hungary, Uruguay, Venezuela and the USA. The street where the Holocaust Museum is in America is called Raoul Wallenberg Place. There are streets and other places in other countries named after him as well.

As the second foreigner, after Winston Churchill, Wallenberg was Citizen of Honour in the USA in 1981, and in Canada in 1985 and in Israel in 1986.

In 2012 it is 100 years since he was born.

TRAVELLED TO ESTONIA

KAROLINA JOHANSSON

SOPHIA JOHANSSON

ALMA JUNGNER

EMELIE LANDÉN

ALICE SVANTESSON

TRAVELLED TO TURKEY

SELMA ALIC

STINA BENDER

ALFRED BERGGREN

SABINA DINDIC

JOSEFINE FORSLID

MEYA NORBERG

ARIYA SENAJAK

KLARA SVENSSON

KAISA VINDROT

MAGDALENA ÖBERG

TRAVELLED TO ENGLAND

SELMA ALIC

LINNÉA ERIKSSON

MAGDALENA ERIKSSON

LINNÉA JOHANSSON

PHILIP JOHANSSON

VIKTORIA JOHANSSON

ALMA JUNGNER

IDA KARLSSON

ANNA LIDÉN

SELMA MUKACA

MEYA NORBERG

SIMONE PERSSON

LOUICE WERSÉN

ADULTS INVOLVED

MAGNUS ANDERSSON

EVACAISA ARVIDSSON

ANNA HAGEBRATT

HENRIK HÄRLING

JESSICA LENHULT

AMARA LUKSIJA

BIRGIT OHLIV

LEIF OLSSON

ANDERS PETTERSSON

ELISABETH SPETZ

JONAS WALLGREN

Turkey is surrounded with Black Sea in the north; Georgia in the northeast; Iran, Azerbaijan and Armenia in the east; Syria and Mediterranean in the south; Iraq in the southeast; Aegen Sea in the west; and Greece and Bulgaria in the northwest.

Some facts about Turkey

Turkey is surrounded by sea (Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Aegean Sea) on three sides. Turkey is situated where three continents (Africa, Asia and Europe) meet. Three different climates are observed in Turkey: Mediterranean, Black Sea and terrestrial climate.

Turkey is situated on the intersection of three heavenly religions (Christianity, Judaism and Islam).

Turkey: the Meeting Point of Civilizations

Turkey is, as it was in the past, located on the intersection of cultures and civilizations. Due to its geographical location, Turkey has been the host to a lot of rich civilizations and also been a neighbor to many others. These have led to the emergence of the feelings of tolerance towards other nations and cultures.

The Tradition of Living Together

The people of Anatolia have the deep-rooted tradition of living together with different nations. In this region of ours, people from diverse nations have been living in the same city, the same neighborhood, the same street. Only in our country, you can see a church, a mosque and a synagogue in the very same neighborhood

Churches dated to 1st and 2st century A.D. Are still standing in Mardin

St. Pierre Church which is accepted as the first church in the world has kept its presence next to mosques and synagogues.

Etz-Ahayim Synagogue in Bursa shows that a synoguge right next to the Holy Mosque can freely function since 14th century.

The Agthamar Church in Van, Fish Lake of Haz. İbrahim the Prophet in Şanlıurfa, Sumela Monastry in Trabzon and Mevlana Shrine in Konya are like a history of humankind.

Sumela Monastry in Trabzon Fish Lake of Haz. İbrahim the Prophet in Şanlıurfa

These cities as monuments of tolerance are included within the World Cultural Heritage.

The area of Turkey is 770.453 km2 today.

During the reign of Suleyman the Magnificent, the area of the Ottoman Empire was 14.893.000 km2; 19 times more than today’s Turkey. Those lands were located in the continents of Asia, Europe and Africa.

How could many people from different cultures, languages, religions and world views lived in hormany under the rule of the Ottoman Empire?

There are many reasons why the Ottomans managed to rule such great lands for a long time. The Ottoman Empire secured the rights of freedom, religion, privacy, thought, and education for every person regardless of religion (Muslim or not) and guarded these rights by law. The most important factor for the Ottoman Empire to keep this idea is that it had tolerance to different nations living within its borders.

Christian Respect towards Turkish Monarchs

The tolerance which is showed by Turks to other religions is depicted on the fresks on the walls of Saint Georgios Church dated to 13th c. This fresk proves the indulgent rule of the Seljuques who reigned the area. The fresk depicts stories from the Holy Bible along with a portrait of Seljuq Sultan Mesut II (1282-1305).

The fundamentals of love, tolerance and peace in Anatolia are deep-rotted. In all periods of time there were great savants who called for indulgence towards all the people. The most known of these people are Mevlana (Jalal al-Din al-Rumi), Yunus Emre, Hacı Bektaşi Veli.

The illuminated path of indulgence that these men created still enlights the humanity today.

Yunus Emre Hacı Bektaşi Veli Mevlana Jalal al-Din Rumi

MEVLANA CELALEDDİN-İ RUMİ (JALAL AL-DİN AL-RUMİ)

"Come, come, whoever you are, Wanderer, idolater, worshiper of fire, Come even if you have broken your vows a thousand times, Come, and come yet again."

In this poem, Rumi tells that a person has his own value in the world whatever his religon is.

YUNUS EMRE

“We love the created

Because of the Creator”

In these verses, Yunus Emre wants to state that all the beings in the nature, alive or not, are valuable. It means the respect to the Creator makes it necessary to show respect to His creations as they are a part of Him.

HACI BEKTAŞ-İ VELİ (HAJJİ BEKTASH WALİ)

“We do not condemn any nation or person.”

In these words, Hacı Bektaş means that every person and each different culture are valuable. He emphasises that one should not condescend but welcome them.

Today

Turkey is a land of tolerance. In our country, people from different ethnic origins, religions live in peace and harmony. In every corner of our country there are mosques, synagogues and churches open and people freely worship in them. Members of different cultures and nations are free to receive education of any kind and are equal in terms of law. No terms or statements reminiscient in any way to xenophobia is used in Turkish education system. One should bear in my that this world we are together living in is wide enough for all of us.

www.seethroughtheculture.com/files/KulturelCesitlilikZenginligimizdir.ppt

Whether you are atheist, or worship fire,

Whether you have broken your oath thousand times

Our convent (Dergah) is not the convent of despair,

Come whatever you are, come again

MEVLANA

The great scholar in Anatolia who enlightened the humanity is “Mevlana Celaleddin Rumi”. Mevlana can be considered more as a philosophy than a religion because it’s uniforming religions, which can be perhaps considered as an early form of modern humanism.

Mevlana gives extraordinary value to man' s free will and exalts the human being to virtually the level of a sacred being. So he gives special importance to a person's knowing him or herself. With no discrimina tion based on differences of birth or later acquired differences, he values all humanity. He sees even the worst person as worthy of forgiveness and love. With the torch of broad tolerance, joy and hope, which he represented, Mevlana held forth a light not only in his own time but for all ages to come. In every age his ideas are fresh, new and in the vanguard. Mevlana is the King of Hearts, with no discrimination between men and women or rich and poor.

Some examples of Quates of Mevlana;

-Christian, Jew, Muslim, shaman, Zoroastrian, stone, ground, mountain, river, each has a secret way of being with the mystery, unique and not to be judged.

- People of the world don't look at themselves, and so they blame one another.

The UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) has market 2007 as the "Mevlana Year" to celebrate 800th anniversary of the birth of Mevlana Celaleddin-i Belhi-Rumi.

SEVEN ADVICE OF MEVLANA

1) Cömertlik ve yardım etmede akarsu gibi ol.

In generosity and helping others be like a river

2) Şefkat ve merhamette güneş gibi ol.

In compassion and grace be like sun.

3) Başkalarının kusurunu örtmekte gece gibi ol.

In concealing others’ faults be like night

4) Hiddet ve asabiyette ölü gibi ol.

In anger and fury be like dead

5) Tevazu ve alçak gönüllülükte toprak gibi ol.

In modesty and humility be like earth

6) Hoşgörüde deniz gibi ol.

In tolerance be like a sea

7) Ya olduğun gibi görün, ya göründüğün gibi ol

Either exist as you as you are or be as you look

HACI BEKTAS-I VELI

“There is no need to discriminate between religions. Religions cause disputes among people. In fact, all religions aim to provide peace and brotherhood on earth” says Bektashi Veli in his opus “Velayetname”. Bektashism, which originates from Haji Bektashi Veli’s ideas, aims to comprehend the unity of “Universe, God and Man” based on human love. Man is ornamented with divine characteristics. The tradition of Hacı Bektaş presents an obstacle to criminal activity. It removes all distinctions of race, language, religion, and sex. Today in Turkey there are millions of people following the path of Hacı Bektaş who are uniting under the idea of the "brotherhood of man."

There are no mosques in the towns and villages where they live. They do not perform what is otherwise thought of as the Islamic form of prayer (the namaz) and they do not fast during the holy month of Ramazan. They worship by performing ceremonies that include songs and dances that are accompanied by the saz. Moreover, not only do men and women take part in these worship ceremonies alongside one another, women are not covered up.

The tradition that is described above has been identified as constituting Alevi-Bektaşi belief in Turkey. Bektashism is a religious order founded by Hacı Bektaş that spread mostly through the tekke (or dervish lodge). Alevism is the form of this doctrine that became widespread among migrants and villagers.

Man is independent. His duty is to behave modestly and to feed, refine, mature and fill his spirit with love of human. Bodies are only tools for the main purpose. So discriminating between men and women or classifying people according to their social status or race is a huge mistake. Man or woman, all of mankind is equal. Haji Bektashi Veli’s views are still alive today.

“Haci Bektas-i Veli” who made a statement as “ Difference in religion is unnecessary. In fact all religions are intended to establish peace and brotherhood in the World.”

THOUGHTS OF TURKISH STUDENTS ABOUT TOLERANCE

One of the things that separates humans from other animals is our ability to accumulate and perpetuate knowledge during time. And one another is thinking about the situations, considering and after that deciding what to do. And ofcourse mankind cant be thought without his conscience. Conscience is the one that makes us human. Without it there wouldnt be any goodness. We wouldnt have humanity. Thanks to it we are more thoughtful to the homeless for example. Being homeless having no family arent their fault. So why not helping them? All the thing we have has some pieces of them, some rights of them. Our wealth wont be with us after life. So when we can do it, we should share it to the other people. It could happen to us, too. We could be the poor one, the homeless one… If you have the wealth, you have the time and you can use your conscience, knowledge and logic do what must be done.

MURAT MIZRAK

Tolerance is a behavior of healthy humans. If you dont have tolerance, you will always feel something is missing in yourheart. A life without tolerance is not life.

We should love every people regardless of their race, religion, sex and language.

OZAN ŞENKAL

Being tolerant and open-minded to those who are different from us id responsibility of being human. Existance of differences as gender, race, language, sexual tendency, political view etc. shouldn't be problem for us inasmuch that we should realize if there was no difference, the world would be a boring and an unbearable place. The most important point is getting along with differences, not fighting with them. It would be endless and inconclusive war that nobody can win.

DUYGU GÜNDOĞAN

In my opinion humanism is to love people,act them equally and not to discriminate. But unfortunately most of people in the world dont do this. Unlikely they fight each other I don't understand why they do that. What is its benefit for us? I think they should see these wars damage humanity. If we wanted the world to be better place, we would live in peace.

ASLIHAN YAVUZ

When we look at the history, there is no time without war. Sometimes it is because of economy or borders or other reasons. But when we look at the beginning of it, we will see the lacknessof respect to other people and their right. First thing you have to do to become human is to know how to tolerate and respect other people. But nowadays children are growing with anger because of their family and educational system.

ALPEREN DEĞER

Tolarance means to tolarate or put up with differences. It means showing respect for the religion, age, gender, opinions and ideologies of other people or groups. Tolerance means different things to different people. It is when something is disagreeable that tolerance is expected and in more politically correct cultures demanded.

FURKAN ÖZTÜRK

Humanism, ''humanity'' concept, an idea that makes people better to all other creatures. Humanism plays a major role in human relations. If people are tolerant, humanism will develop. We should discriminate people's region,colour, language. We should respect human's choice. Because everyone has got some rights. We shouldn't judge anybody, we have same things.

NİHAN ŞENTÜRK

We are all human. There are some differences that nobody should come for intance region, colour, nationality. Actuallt, these are the things which make our world richer. We can't judge anyone just for his inborn features. As i said at the first, we are all human, we must be aware of it. We must stand against racial discrimination and every kind of war. Empathy is the most important think that we should keep our minds.

BETÜL YÜNCÜOĞLU

The matter is not our race

The matter is not our colour

The matter is not our nationality

The matter is not our choices

Actually the matter is our thoughts. We can not change our race, colour, nationality sometimes our choices we have to make. But we can change our thoughts. But first of all, we, ourselves, overcome that subjects. If we succeed it we can effect other people. So, we are all even. Life is good.

UĞURCAN YURTSEVEN

"To live like a tree as free and independent and also to be in the forests all together in peace" (Nazım Hikmet)

The elements which separate people are racial and religious conception. And these racial and religious conceptions emerged after people's genesis. Although people's racials, religions are different, the fact which makes people equal by their human being. Even if it is written Universial Declaration of Human Rights, unfortunately it isn't applied. In order all people to live in peace. A friendly world can create thanks to humanism.

DİCLE IRMAK BERKPINAR

Tolerance can be shown in many ways. A person might fully disagree with other’s on any ıssue from religion to same sex mariage while at the same time respecting those with different opinions and treating them with dignity and respect. Disagreement alone does not equal intolerance.

SUDE YILMAZ

Communication is one of the most important thing between all people and animals. People and animals communicate with each other. People talk, animals communicate with different ways. While people talk and share somethings each other, tollerance is very important.

If people is humanistic, everything is better in communication. When we meet with somebody for the first tıme, we shouldnt think what his/her religion is, where he/she is from, what his/her language is.We should think he/she is a person. This is a reason to talk with him/her. While we are communicating with people, we should be kind and listen him/her carefully.

Humanism is very important between people. Many authors, poets wrote many articles and poems about humanism.In the world literature many famous people wrote many poems, stories,comedy stories.For example, Dante is famous for his humanistic saga, Petrarca and Ronsard wrote humanistic poems,Boccacio and Rebelais wrote stories about humanism.And in Turkish literature there are.Mevlana says,'Come come again, whoever you are!'.In this word Mevlana wants to say that it is not important who you are, what your religion is, what you believe, you can come. From these word we can understand tollerance and humanism include each other. A humanist person should care tolerance, a person who cares tollerance should be humanist.

GÖKHAN BALCI

LET US GIVE THE WORLD TO THE CHILDREN

by Nazim Hikmet Ran (Turkish poet)

Let us give the world to the children at least for one day

Let them play with it as if it‟s a spangled balloon

Let them sing and dance among the stars

Let us give the world to the children

Like a huge apple or a warm loaf of bread

at least for one day

so that they‟ll have enough to eat

Let us give the world to the children

so that even if it‟s for one day

it will learn what friendship is

The children will take the world

out of our hands

and they will plant immortal trees

IMAGINE

Imagine there's no heaven

It's easy if you try

No hell below us

Above us only sky

Imagine all the people living for today

Imagine there's no countries

It isn't hard to do

Nothing to kill or die for

And no religion too

Imagine all the people living life in peace

You, you may say

I'm a dreamer, but I'm not the only one

I hope some day you'll join us

And the world will be as one

Imagine no possessions

I wonder if you can

No need for greed or hunger

A brotherhood of man

Imagine all the people sharing all the world

You, you may say

I'm a dreamer, but I'm not the only one

I hope some day you'll join us

And the world will live as one

JOHN LENNON

The board of students in the Comenius project 2010-2012 in Mevlana Anadolu Lisesi

1. Alperen Değer

2. Aslıhan Yavuz

3. Betül Yüncüoğlu

4. Çiğdem Akkuş

5. Dicle Irmak Berkpınar

6. Duygu Gündoğan

7. Elif Nur Bayram

8. Furkan Öztürk

9. Gökhan Balcı

10. Murat Mızrak

11. Nihan Şentürk

12. Ozan Şenkal

13. Raşit Emre Tunalı

14. Semiha Aydın

15. Simge Cörüt

16. Sude Yılmaz

17. Tahsin Burak Baş

18. Tuğçe Tezcanlar

19. Uğurcan Yurtseven

Participating teachers:

1. Funda Tüfekçi

2. Sanem Pala

3. İsmail Emrah Yavuzcan